1. Urban biomass heating project
Combined with urban atmospheric environment management and new energy demonstration city construction, promote biomass briquette fuel and special boilers in cities to replace regional central heating and decentralized boilers to burn coal.
During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, biomass heating projects will be built in northern cities with stable supply of biomass resources and heating needs.
Utilize resources such as agricultural and forestry residues, urban domestic waste and organic sewage, livestock and poultry manure and other resources, and adopt technologies such as biomass briquette fuel heating boilers and biomass gas heating boilers to comprehensively develop various types of biomass heating, reduce direct coal combustion in cities, and improve atmospheric environment and urban appearance.
In 2015, there were 50 cities with an annual heating consumption of more than 100,000 tons of biomass fuel, and the average biomass heating area in each city reached more than 1 million square meters, corresponding to an average annual replacement of 50,000 tons of standard coal by petrochemical energy in each city. The total area of biomass heating in the country reaches 50 million square meters, and the corresponding annual replacement of petrochemical energy is 2.5 million tons of standard coal.
2. Rural life fuel cleaning project
Biomass energy technology should be taken as an important means to achieve high-quality, clean and modern rural domestic energy consumption, and to promote the equalization of urban and rural energy public services. During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, combined with the construction of green energy demonstration tools, promote the cleaning project of rural living fuels, make full use of local crop straw, livestock and poultry manure, forestry residues and other biomass resources, promote biomass pyrolysis gasification, biomass dry distillation, biomass briquette fuel, large and medium-sized biogas projects, household biogas digesters, firewood-saving stoves and other technologies to provide local residents with clean living fuels.
In areas with abundant biomass resources and concentrated rural residents, build biomass gas centralized gas supply projects, lay biomass gas pipeline networks, and promote rural gas property management and services. In northern rural areas with heating needs, focus on promoting biomass briquette fuel heating technology. In forest areas and areas of returning farmland to forests, combined with ecological protection projects, focus on the development of distributed biomass energy technology, make full use of forest residues to build biomass gasification and briquette fuel projects, provide clean living fuels for forest areas, reduce forest wood fuel consumption, and consolidate the results of returning farmland to forests. Actively support the promotion and application of clean biomass fuels in rural schools, hospitals and other public facilities and public institutions. In 2015, the rural household fuel cleaning project benefited 1,000 townships and 1 million farmers, and replaced 1 million tons of standard coal with petrochemical energy every year.
3. Biomass energy crops and energy forest base construction
In accordance with the requirements of “not competing with the people for grain, not with grain for land”, according to the characteristics of my China’s land resources and agricultural and forestry production, based on non-grain raw materials, combined with modern agricultural and forestry development and ecological construction, the implementation of biomass energy in qualified areas Crop and energy forest planting projects, rational selection and scientific planting of energy crop plants, development of marginal land according to local conditions, large-scale planting of various non-edible grain, sugar and oil crops, and construction of biomass energy raw material supply bases.
Focus on marginal lands such as semi-desertified areas and sandy areas in the “Three Norths” areas, and combine the ecological environment to build woody energy forest bases dominated by shrub forests; develop large-scale planting of sweet sorghum in Northeast China, Inner Mongolia, Shandong and other regions; plant potato crops, as well as canna, pueraria and other plants in Guangxi, Hainan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan and other places in Guangdong; build oil palm, jatropha, Pistacia chinensis and other oil plant planting bases in Hainan, Fujian, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Hebei and other places; strengthen the research and development of oil-rich algae cultivation technology, and carry out algae raw material cultivation projects. In 2015, 5.2 million hectares of wood energy forest base, 500,000 hectares of sweet sorghum raw material base, 8 million hectares of cassava and other potato crops, 2 million hectares of oil energy forest base, and 300,000 mu of other non-grain raw material (energy grass, etc.) base were built. base 300,000 mu. Planting energy crops and energy forests can meet the demand for raw materials with an annual output of 1 million tons of biodiesel, and replace 1.4 million hours of standard coal for petrochemical energy.