Development and Popularization of Bioenergy in China

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  1. Increase publicity efforts

At present, China has not yet formed a situation in which the whole society actively participates in supporting the development of biomass energy. Based on the concept of sustainable development, the whole society is advocating a circular economy, and people tend to pay more attention to the utilization of waste, and then ignore the development and utilization of biomass energy, which is a larger circular economy. For example, in rural biogas projects, the technology has completely passed the test, and the investment is low. It belongs to clean energy and is convenient for life. Fermented organic fertilizers can replace chemical fertilizers, which can save agricultural production costs and have many benefits, but the penetration rate is still very low. The reason is the lack of publicity and people’s lack of awareness. The direct consequence of the lack of awareness is the lack of policy support, and even if there is a policy, it is difficult to implement it in place. At the same time, biomass energy is a high-tech industry with high initial investment and many uncertain factors. Governments and enterprises at all levels have concerns, and it is difficult for biomass energy development and utilization to be fully valued and widely recognized.

Carry out publicity and training. The development of biomass energy has good ecological and social benefits. We should make full use of the Internet, TV, newspapers, magazines and other media, and take various forms to widely publicize the importance of biomass power generation. Focus on technical training and vocational skills appraisal, and implement occupational approval and certificate-based job systems for technical jobs engaged in biomass power generation.

  1. Strengthen macro-coordination and policy orientation at the government level

As an emerging energy industry, bioenergy covers different fields such as agriculture, industry, and service industry, and involves many disciplines such as economic energy, biotechnology, electronics, and machinery. It is a cross-department, cross-industry, and interdisciplinary industry. The government conducts overall development at the national level and promotes the coordination and cooperation of relevant departments. In recent years, China’s bioenergy industry has developed rapidly and has formed a certain scale. At the same time, a series of problems such as unreasonable resource allocation and repeated investment and construction have emerged. The management of biomass energy at the national level involves comprehensive management departments such as the National Energy Administration, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance, and the Ministry of Science and Technology, as well as the Ministry of Agriculture, the State Forestry Administration, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, the Ministry of Environmental Protection, and the State Electricity Regulatory Commission. At present, there is still a lack of a unified coordination mechanism. Therefore, it is necessary to formulate a national unified national action plan for new energy and renewable energy, set up a work coordination group including government departments, key enterprises and research institutions, maintain smooth information exchange channels, and make unified actions and policies in investment and policy. To avoid blindness, dispersion and duplication of bioenergy development and utilization.

  1. Talent team building

China’s biomass energy industry has a short development time and relatively weak foundation. In addition to the basically mature biogas technology, compared with developed countries, the technical process and related equipment manufacturing are relatively backward, and there is a lack of core technologies with independent intellectual property rights. Due to technical obstacles, the proportion of localized manufacturing of the core components of biomass energy power generation equipment is low, and these factors have increased the cost of biomass energy in China.

The development of biomass energy must rely on talents and technology. From the perspective of the development process of conventional energy, China’s traditional energy has a talent training system from the introduction and digestion, research, design, construction and operation management, which strongly supports the rapid development of conventional energy construction. Carry out biomass energy technology training, and organize various forms and levels of biomass energy technology, equipment and product application training across the country. Implement a vocational qualification system for professional and technical jobs engaged in biomass utilization, and organize various regions to carry out biomass energy vocational skills appraisal and certification. On the other hand, from the perspective of the job market, compared with domestic thermal power, gas-fired power generation and other large-scale units, most graduates of electric power-related majors have their sights set on the state-owned power generation enterprises of Guohua, China Resources or local energy groups. In contrast, most private biomass power plants with relatively low guarantees are not in their consideration. Therefore, the government should attach great importance to the talent training and industrial system construction of China’s renewable energy. At the same time, it should improve the treatment of talents and provide policy encouragement to attract more professionals to join the renewable energy industry.

Subsidies for research institutes. The development of biomass energy must rely on scientific and technological progress. It is necessary to strengthen the combination of colleges and universities, scientific research units and production enterprises to form a strong technical team to do a good job in research and development, production, conversion and utilization. Among them, the research and development of biomass technology is the foundation and foundation. Therefore, the government should increase the financial investment in the research and development stage, set up special funds and formulate relevant guidelines, and provide subsidies and corresponding measures to the research and development of biomass energy technology with major breakthroughs. amount of rewards.

In a word, the Chinese government attaches great importance to the development of new energy represented by biomass energy, and legally clarifies its status in modern energy, and gives certain preferential support in policy. China’s policies related to biomass energy, through continuous revision and improvement, have formed a certain system. The development of biomass energy and new energy technology is an important measure to open up new areas of economic growth and promote the sustainable and healthy development of China’s economy.

Public attributes of biomass energy industry. As a public product or a quasi-public product, the biomass energy industry is clean, low-polluting and renewable, which is in line with the call for the development of a green economy advocated by the Chinese government; on the other hand, biomass energy is an important part of China’s energy system. As one of the components, it guarantees national energy security and will also provide an inexhaustible impetus for China’s sustainable economic growth in the future. These special social attributes determine that we should put social benefits in a prominent position in the development of biomass energy. At the current stage of China, the development of biomass energy should pay more attention to social benefits while focusing on economic benefits. China’s biomass energy started late. No matter in terms of scale or development level, we are still in its infancy. To speed up the development of China’s biomass energy industry, government support is essential, which determines the current stage of production. The material energy industry policy is mainly an inclined and supportive policy.

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